Republic of Cameroon
The country today known as the Republic of Cameroon (République du Cameroun) gave rise to the Sao culture around the 6th century CE, and was later incorporated into the Kanem and Bornu Empires. As with many other West African nations, European explorers and merchants regularized trade along the coasts of what is now Cameroon from the 15th century onwards. The region was claimed by the German Empire in 1884 as the colony of Kamerun, which began a steady push inland for greater control over land and resources. Following the First World War, a League of Nations mandate split the territory in two, dividing administration between France and Great Britain in 1919. By the late 1940s, the question of independence emerged in both territories, with the Union of the Peoples of Cameroon (UPC) party being outlawed by the French. A colonial war subsequently ensued, ending with France granting self-rule in 1956, and full indepencence on 1 January, 1960. On 1 October 1961, the British Cameroons were united with the new nation to create the Federal Republic of Cameroon. Nevertheless, an ongoing war with the UPC continued into the 1970s. During the late 1980s & early 1990s, Cameroon suffered a severe economic crisis, in part due to years of corruption and mismanagement in government. With the reintroduction of multi-party politics in December 1990, the former British Cameroons pressure groups called for greater autonomy, with some advocating complete secession as the Republic of Ambazonia. In February 2008, Cameroon experienced its worst violence in 15 years when a transport union strike in Douala escalated into violent protests in 31 municipal areas.
The Forces Armees Camerounaises (FAC) are the armed forces of Cameroon, consisting of the Army, Air Force, Navy, and the National Gendarmerie.
Camouflage Patterns of Cameroon
- Cameroonian forces have worn versions of the French tenue de leópard or lizard pattern since at least the 1980s, and probably much earlier. Several variations have been documented, although it appears most of these have been phased out.
- In the present era, the standard camouflage pattern of the Cameroon Armed Forces is a crude, Chinese-made copy of the "lizard" camouflage pattern.
- At least some members of the armed forces also wear a copy of the US m81 woodland camouflage pattern.
- Members of the Bataillon d’Intervention Rapide (BIR) wear a variation of the woodland pattern with dark brown, black and dark green shapes on a pale green background. It is possible other units wear this pattern as well.